15. The spirituality of Europe

15.0 Introduction

Christendom was civilized. Neither Christianity nor civilization were an obligatory outcome for Europe. It could have remained at the same level of savagery as Rome, it could have embraced Judaism, the oldest still vigorously practiced monotheist religion on Earth, or … Continue reading

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15.1 Judaism

15.1.1 The Jewish race The dispersion of the members of a tribe was and still is a common event. The Diaspora of the Achaeans after the Dorian invasion is an example of this but many other Diasporas occurred: American Indians, … Continue reading

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15.2 The Evangels

Marc wrote for Jews desperate after the destruction of the Temple by Titus, in AD 70. Jesus is described abandoned by God as are the Jews themselves. Matthias wrote also for Jews and attempted to persuade them to abandon the … Continue reading

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15.3 Islam

During the Neolithic infancy of humanity, in the absence of domestic animals, the choice between a nomad and a sedentary life was neither evident nor imperative. The distinction between a nomadic life and sedentariness was blurred and tribes adopted one … Continue reading

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15.4 The Fall of Islam

Islam was, until the 12th century, a civilization poised to inherit the world. The decline became perceptible in the 15th century. The causes of its dramatic regression towards contemporary powerlessness and barbarity are traced to the authoritarian interpretation of an … Continue reading

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